Call for chapters – “F**k Ups in Social Research: What to do when Research Goes Wrong”

Dr Kahryn Hughes, Associate Professor in the School of Sociology and Social Policy, has recently confirmed a new publication called “F**k Ups in Social Research: What to do when Research Goes Wrong.”

The book, a SAGE publication, will be edited by Dr Kahryn Hughes, Dr Grace Sykes, Dr Anna Tarrant and Prof. Jason Hughes.

The proposed book

Over the past forty years there has been a burgeoning literature in the social sciences on what we might describe as exemplary ethics and associated methodology. This work identifies questions of best practice in the conduct of research, and formulates strategies of reflection and engagement to foresee and mitigate problematic elements of research participation. Less reported is what happens when research goes wrong or at least is perceived to go wrong.

This proposed text takes a somewhat different view of research ‘problems’. All too frequently, the unexpected in research processes is conflated with research ‘failure’, or, as we came to describe it a ‘f**k up in the field’. Problematic events, situations, struggles and dilemmas during fieldwork are so often erased from research reporting, where scholarly outputs more often reflect on research findings and outcomes from the study. Yet while social research is inherently ‘messy’ and inevitably replete with ‘f**k ups’, this messiness is also inherently epistemological and can inform, in sometimes unanticipated ways, on the social world.

The aim of this book, which will be published with international publishers SAGE, is to support researchers grappling with complex research situations, providing practical examples of how other researchers may have managed these, and providing a range of strategies for thinking through the intellectual affordances of what, at first, might have felt like a complete disaster.

Call for chapters

Authors are invited to submit a 200-word abstract that briefly details:

– the ‘f**k ups’ they experienced in their research
– how and what went wrong
– how the researchers managed, or failed to manage, the situation and
– what new intellectual developments were made possible through sustained reflexive engagement.

The book will be organised around key stages of the research process so please state clearly which stage of the research your case study refers to.

Each chapter/case study will be 6,000 words long including references and a chapter template will be provided upon acceptance. We especially encourage submissions from early career researchers and/or majority world scholars.

Submission details

Please send proposed chapter abstracts to Dr Kahryn Hughes, Associate Professor in Sociology at the School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Leeds, by email: by 20th July 2021.

Has a child you care for been in an ambulance with a painful condition? – Call for Participants

Has a child you care for been in an ambulance with a painful condition?  If so we would really like to hear from you.  We are designing a research project that aims to improve pain management in children and young people treated by the ambulance service.  We are looking for parents/carers of children, or children and young people along with their parents/carers, who have been attended by an ambulance in the UK for a painful condition.

Research created with patients and the public is more likely to benefit patients, therefore you would part of a Patient and Public Involvement and Engagement (PPIE) group.  To take part, you do not need any research experience, and it would involve a short discussion, by telephone or videoconference, lasting no more than 60 minutes.  You would receive compensation for your time in the form of a £20 voucher per participant.  If you would like to find out more, please contact Dr Gregory Whitley at:

Exerted running results in altered impact mechanics and footstrike patterns following

Exertion may alter running mechanics and increase injury risk. Effects of exertion following gait-retraining are unknown. Objectives: To determine how exertion effects load rates, footstrike, and cadence in runners following a transition to forefoot strike (FFS) or increased cadence (CAD) gait-retraining. Methods: 33 (9 M, 24 F) healthy rearfoot strike runners were randomized into CAD or FFS groups. All runners received strengthening exercises and gait-retraining. 3D kinetic and kinematic motion analysis with instrumented treadmill at self-selected speed was performed at baseline & 1-week post-intervention, including an exerted run. Exertion was ≥17 on Borg’s Rating of Perceived Exertion scale or voluntary termination of running. Results: Within group comparisons between fresh and exerted running: Cadence not affected in either group. Foot angle at contact became less plantarflexed in FFS (−2.2°, ±0.4) and was unchanged in CAD. Both groups increased vertical average load rate (FFS +16.9%, CAD +13.6%). CAD increased vertical stiffness (+8.6 kN/m). FFS reduced ankle excursion (1.8°). (p ≤ 0.05 for all values listed). Conclusion: Both FFS and CAD exhibited increased load rates with exertion. Variables that may have increased load rates were different for each group. CAD runners had increased vertical stiffness while FFS runners had reduced plantarflexion at contact and reduced ankle dorsiflexion excursion.

University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Erin E. Futrell, Springfield College, Department of Physical Therapy

K. Douglas Gross, Institute of Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy

David R Mullineaux, University of Lincoln, School of Sport and Exercise Science

Irene S. Davis, Harvard Medical School, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

3D visualisation of psychometric estimates for the ideal male body

Psychological concerns are frequently indexed by psychometric questionnaires but the mental representations that they seek to quantify are difficult to visualise. We used a set of questionnaires designed to measure men’s concept of their bodies including: the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS; McCreary & Sasse, 2000), the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures Scale (PSPS; Stice, Nemeroff, & Shaw, 1996a), the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015), and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3; Thompson, van den Berg, Roehrig, Guarda, & Heinberg, 2004). We combined their use with an interactive 3D modelling programme to allow men to create computer-generated representations of their ideal bodies. We used a principal component analysis to extract those shape components of our participants’ CGI ideal bodies that were predicted by the questionnaires and reconstructed the body shapes that these questionnaires were capturing. Moving from the lowest to the highest score on both the DMS and SATAQ corresponded with changes in muscularity, particularly muscle mass and definition. This approach allows us to demonstrate the actual body features that are being captured by a particular questionnaire.

University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Sophie Mohamed, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Department of Clinical Health

Robin Kramer, University of Lincoln, School of Psychology

Tracey Thornborrow, University of Lincoln, School of Psychology

Thomas V Pollet, Northumbria University, Department of Psychology

Martin J Tovee, Northumbria University, Department of Psychology

Piers L Cornelissen, Northumbria University, Department of Psychology

What colour should I wear? How clothing colour affects women’s judgement of other women’s body attractiveness and body size

Research has indicated that female body perception and associated body-viewing gaze behaviour in women viewers can be influenced by a variety of internal and external factors (e.g., own body satisfaction, clothing style, and viewing angle). Although the clothing colour affects women’s visual and aesthetic appearance rated by men or women wearer themselves, its impact on women judging other women’s body attractiveness and body size is largely unclear. In this eye-tracking study we presented female body images of Caucasian and African avatars in a continuum of common dress sizes wearing different colours (black, grey, white, red, green and blue), and asked 31 young Caucasian women to rate the perceived body attractiveness and body size. Our analysis revealed that clothing colour black and red attracted the highest body attractiveness and slimmer body size ratings, whereas green and grey induced the lowest body attractiveness and overestimated body size judgements. Such colour-induced modulatory effect on body perception was further influenced by the avatar race (or skin tone; e.g., higher attractiveness ratings for colours white, blue and green in African than in Caucasian avatars), and was associated with the changes of body-viewing gaze allocation at the upper body and waist-hip regions (i.e. colour black and white attracting more viewing at the upper body and waist-hip regions, respectively). Taken together, it seems that the clothing colour and its contrast with skin tone play valuable roles in mediating women’s body perception of other women.

University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Nimreth Sidhu, University of Lincoln, School of Psychology

Chloe Qualter, University of Lincoln, School of Psychology

Emily Higgs, University of Lincoln, School of Psychology

Kun Guo, University of Lincoln, School of Psychology

Rural gym spaces and masculine physical cultures in an ‘age of change’: Rurality, masculinity, inequalities and harm in ‘the gym

The gym is an increasing site for social research, with much work identifying the importance of understanding gender construction and performance in forming policy to address inequalities in gym access, and harms within gym-going cultures. This paper draws on findings from a multi-year ethnography in rural South-West England to address a gap in the existing gym cultures literature by exploring the intersections of rurality with gender and gym cultures, examining how the masculine rural intersects with the construction of gym spaces, and the interplay between rural masculinities and gym cultures, as fitness becomes an increasingly popular activity.

Beyond examining the intersections between rurality with gym space and cultures, this paper further examines how rurality and rural masculinities are linked with harm in these cultures, particularly in relation to the reproduction of aspects of hegemonic and toxic masculinity, and the harms these have not only on women and others seeking to access these spaces, but on the men who hold these ideas themselves. This exploration further looks at how ideas of masculine identity formation, and self-stigma associated with masculine ideals within rural cultures contributes to the harms and behaviours witnessed within gym-going populations. This article aims to contribute valuable understanding to both structural issues relating to gender and the gym relevant to policy discussions regarding access and inclusivity, as well as some of the ways in which harms among gym-going populations may be addressed in a rural context.

University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Luke Turnock, University of Lincoln, School of Social and Political Sciences