New Publications for Lincoln Sport and Exercise Psychology Researchers

The team at Lincoln Sport and Exercise Psychology Research, whose work contributes to both the Performance and Wellbeing Research Groups in the School of Sport and Exercise Science, have started the 2021 year on a positive note with publications for all members of the team.

The latest volume (March 2021) of Psychology in Sport and Exercise includes three publications involving authors from the team. Dr Trish Jackman and Rebecca Hawkins, along with Nottingham Trent University colleagues Dr Julie Johnston and Emily Dargue, published the first systematic review of flow in youth sport, exercise, and physical activity. The review synthesised current understanding in the field and highlighted important areas for future research. Dr Jackman was also a co-author on a second publication in the same volume led by Liverpool John Moores University researcher, Dr Amy Whitehead. The study developed a framework of cognitive processes during competitive golf using the Think Aloud method. The third publication for the psychology team in this volume featured Ollie Williamson, who recently commenced a dual PhD studentship between University of Lincoln and Southern Cross University, Australia. Using an experimental design, the study explored the effect of self-control exertion on endurance performance, and pacing strategies, in well-trained individuals.

Dr Matthew Bird’s recent study on mental toughness, sport-related well-being, and mental health stigma with Eadie Simons and Dr Trish Jackman has now been published online in the Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. A key finding from the study, which was supported by the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Scheme (UROS), was that higher levels of mental toughness were significantly associated with lower levels of stigma toward mental health help-seeking. Finally, Rachel Langbein, along with her supervisory team of Dr Trish Jackman, Prof Jaqui Allen-Collinson, and Dr Dan Martin, recently had a paper that qualitatively explored the experience of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) accepted in Journal of Sport Sciences. The study is the first in Rachel’s PhD and provided novel insights into the occurrence, experience, and recovery from RED-S.

For more details on research on the psychology of sport, exercise, and physical activity undertaken by the team at Lincoln Sport and Exercise Psychology Research, please email Dr Trish Jackman ( The team will be presenting on the School of Sport and Exercise Science Seminar Series on Wednesday March 3rd at 9.30-10.45 via Teams and also run a monthly internal research seminar.

Effects of cognitive behavioural therapy on insomnia in adults with tinnitus: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Insomnia is common in patients with tinnitus and negatively affects tinnitus symptoms and quality of life. This systematic review aimed to synthesise evidence of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) based interventions on insomnia in adults with tinnitus. We conducted a comprehensive database search (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and PROSPERO) for published, unpublished and ongoing randomised controlled trials of CBT in adults with tinnitus. Five trials met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review, with four of these providing data for the meta-analysis. This demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in Insomnia Severity Index (a standard diagnostic questionnaire of insomnia used in clinical settings) following CBT (−3.28, 95% CI -4.51, −2.05, P=<0.001). There was no evidence of statistical heterogeneity (I2 = 0%). Risk of bias was considered low in all categories except blinding of participants, personnel, and/or the assessment of outcomes. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate that CBT-based interventions can significantly improve sleep in adults with tinnitus.

University of Lincoln, College of Social Science

Ffion Curtis, University of Lincoln, Lincoln International Institute for Rural Health

Despina Laparidou, University of Lincoln, Lincoln International Institute for Rural Health

Chris Bridle, University of Bedfordshire, School of Psychology

Graham Law, University of Lincoln, Lincoln International Institute for Rural Health

Simon Durrant, Lincoln International Institute for Rural Health

Alina Rodriguez, Lincoln International Institute for Rural Health and Imperial College London, School of Public Health

Robert Pierzycki, NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre and  University of Nottingham, School of Medicine

Niro Siriwardena, University of Lincoln, Lincoln International Institute for Rural Health