Industry perceptions of government interventions: generating an energy efficiency norm

The world has been grappling with energy efficiency for decades.  Much attention has been focused on how government can encourage energy efficiency, but there has been essentially none on industry perspectives of which government interventions are necessary to encourage these actions to become the norm.  We address this gap through a study of industry views as to which government interventions prompt corporate actors to adopt energy efficiency measures across three industries (building and construction, energy/utilities, and hospitality) in Canada and the United Kingdom. Our findings demonstrate that industry responses mirror recent literature on the need for a mixture of policy tools.  Where our findings depart from this literature is that we find a strong endorsement of the use of information provision by government and antipathy towards the use of economic instruments to engender new norms of behaviour.  This finding is particularly significant given that much of the literature focuses on the benefits of economic instruments in advancing sustainability goals.  We also find the express norms found in command and control instruments are, in the views of industry actors, necessary to make a shift from energy efficiency actions being carried out only by leaders within industry to these actions becoming standard.


University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Funded by the  Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Laurel Besco, University of Toronto Mississagua, Department of Geography

Elizabeth A. Kirk, University of Lincoln, Lincoln Law School


 

Performance Profiling: Theoretical Foundations, Applied Implementations and Practitioner Reflections

Dr Matt Bird, Univesity of Lincoln, College of Social Science, School of Sport and Exercise Science

Performance profiling is a theory-driven, client-led assessment method utilized by sport psychology professionals to help uncover important physical, psychological, technical, and tactical factors associated with a client’s sport. This holistic technique has been shown to influence a number of psychological constructs important to performance, such as self-awareness and intrinsic motivation. Different variations of the performance profile are available for professionals to use in practice. The aims of this paper are to overview performance profiling and its underpinning theory, provide sport psychology professionals with applied guidelines to implement each version, and discuss practitioner experiences when using different variations of the tool.


University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Matt Bird, University of Lincoln, School of sport and Exercise Science

Elmer A Castillo, Saint Francis University

Matteo Luzzeri, Florida State University


 

 

New research network aims to help strengthen mental health services in Bangladesh

New research network aims to help strengthen mental health services in Bangladesh

Dr Stephanie Armstrong, School of Health and Social Care is currently working with a new UK-Bangladesh research network that aims to help strengthen mental health services in Bangladesh.

Led by Imperial College London – one of the world’s top universities – the Mon Prothom/Mind First research partnership is carrying out several research studies to help strengthen services and integrate mental health into Bangladesh’s Universal Health Coverage.

Bangladeshi collaborators include iccdr,b, Innovation for Wellbeing Foundation, JPGSPH, BRAC University and UK partners include Chatham House, East London Foundation NHS Trust and Lincoln University.

A high level roundtable event on Thursday, co-organised by Imperial College London and Chatham House brought together the research collaborators with ministers from Bangladesh’s government and senior officials and leaders from Bangladesh, UK and global institutions, health professions and UK funding organisations to discuss ways forward for mental health and Universal Health Care in Bangladesh.

Ms Saima Wazed Hossain, Chairperson, Bangladesh National Advisory Committee on Neuro-development Disorders and Autism, and Mental Health Policy Lead, gave the key-note speech outlining the landscape for mental health and universal health coverage in Bangladesh and her vision for the future of mental health care.

The event took place ahead of World Mental Health Day on October 10th.

Bangladesh has already made impressive gains in improving many of its health indicators such as life expectancy, total fertility rates and child and maternal mortality, and is well placed to build on this history to develop and to deliver effective mental health services.

There is now a growing recognition of the crucial importance of mental health in improving healthy life expectancy. There are challenges, such as a significant shortage in trained healthcare workers.

Equally, there are opportunities to help develop and strengthen services and capacity especially at the primary care and community level, and to design a care pathway which offers equity of access to affordable, universal mental health care.

The project is funded by Imperial’s award from the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) Global Challenges Research Fund. At the event Dr Armstrong presented the preliminary research findings of an evaluation of the impact of Mental Health First Aid in Bangladesh.

Project lead, Professor Mala Rao, OBE, Senior Clinical Fellow, from Imperial College London, said: “Ahead of Word Mental Health day, we are absolutely delighted to have established the Mon Prothom, Mind First partnership with key institutions in Bangladesh and the UK.

“This partnership is an exciting opportunity to help develop ways for Bangladesh to achieve ‘mental health for all’ through embedding mental health as part of universal health coverage.

“This is even more poignant this year with the global impact of Covid-19 on all our lives and we look forward to contributing to improving mental health care and developing our partnership and friendship over the coming years.”

Monira Rahman, Executive Director, Innovation for Wellbeing Foundation, said: “Having experienced living with depression, I am one of the 94.5% who do not have access to mental health services in Bangladesh.

“However, as a Mental Health Advocate, I feel optimistic about achieving mental health for everyone everywhere despite all the barriers.

“The Mental Health First Aid Program in Bangladesh has shown a great way forward in transforming social attitudes towards mental illness and there is potential for this program to be scaled up at national level.

“I hope by bringing policymakers, scientists and funders together we will help resolve many issues as mental health is everyone’s responsibility.”

PREVENT TRAGEDIES: A CASE STUDY IN FEMALE-TARGETED STRATEGIC COMMUNICATIONS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM’S PREVENT COUNTER-TERRORISM POLICY

Sam Andrews, University of Lincoln, College of Social Science, SChool of Social and Political Sciences

While international revolutionary groups have frequently attracted international support, the declaration of the caliphate by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in 2014 and the subsequent growth of foreign fighters leaving their home countries to fight in Syria created a significant concern for Western governments. The United Kingdom was a major source of this foreign fighter flow, becoming a significant concern in 2014 and by 2015 accounting for some 700-760 fighters with the majority affiliated to the Islamic State and with a growing amount of females joining the group. While Prevent, the preventative pillar of the United Kingdom’s counter-terrorism strategy, was in 2014 already well accustomed to intervening in cases of male radicalization, it was not well prepared to handle female radicalization. This article provides a case study of the UK police response to the above concerns. In 2014 the Metropolitan Police and Counter-Terrorism Policing HQ began work on the Prevent Tragedies campaign, a strategic communications campaign. The campaign sought to encourage women, primarily mothers, to talk with younger women and discourage them from travelling to Syria. It also sought to make these women aware of the government’s Prevent policy, and to encourage them to submit reports to Prevent should be they concerned about the radicalization of persons close to them. Using documents obtained by Freedom of Information requests, and material gathered from the Prevent Tragedies website, this article explores how the idea of the “mother” as a nurturing and caring subject was utilized to try and counter female radicalization. It analyses how stereotypical ideas about pacific femininity and female political naivety were utilized to further the narrative of “groomed” women who were unaware of the brutal nature of Islamic state, and therefore could not have ideologically supported the organization when they travelled to Syria. While this undermines ideological support for Islamic State, it simultaneously draws on – and exposes – a current in U.K. counter-terrorism that underplays female radicalism, hampering our full understanding of gendered radicalization.


University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Sam Andrews, University of Lincoln, School of Social and Political Sciences


Ostrom, Floods and Mismatched Property Rights

Dr Nick Cowen, Univeristy of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research, School of Social and Political Sciences

How societies can cope with flood risk along coasts and riverbanks is a critical theoretical and empirical problem – particularly in the wake of anthropogenic climate change and the increased severity of floods. An example of this challenge is the growing costs of publicly-funded flood defense in Britain and popular outcries during the regular occasions that the British government fails to protect property and land during heavy rains. Traditional approaches to institutional analysis suggest that flood management is either a public good that only the government is competent to provide or a private good to which individual landowners are ultimately responsible for supplying. We argue that an important cause of failure in flood management is mismatched property rights. This is where the scale of natural events and resources fail to align with the scale of human activities, responsibility and ownership. Moreover, the spatial dimensions of floods mean that their management is often appropriately conceptualized as a common pool resource problem. As a result, commons institutions as conceptualized and observed by Elinor Ostrom are likely to be major contributors to effective flood management. What governance process should decide the size and scope of these institutions? We argue that bottom-up responses to problems of mismatched property rights are facilitated within larger societies that are characterized by market processes. Moreover, the wider presence of price signals delivers to local communities essential knowledge about the cost of maintaining private property and the relative scarcity of the communal goods. We discuss how our theoretical positions align with experience in Britain and what the implications of our theoretical approach are for facilitating the development of better institutions.


University of Lincoln, College of Social Science Research

Nick Cowen, University of Lincoln, School of Social and Political Sciences

Charles Delmotte, New York University